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Dark Spots: How to Reduce Them ?

Dark spots, the result of abnormal melanin production and transfer, naturally appear on the skin and can be caused by excessive sun exposure, hormonal imbalance, skin inflammation, and more. This phenomenon of hyperpigmentation affects most women and men, regardless of their age or skin type. Most of the time, dark spots are benign, even if we may still want them to disappear for aesthetic reasons. So, which product should you choose to reduce dark spots on the face, limit their appearance, and restore an even complexion ?

09.06.23    News

How do dark spots appear ?

Hyperpigmentation refers to blemishes showing up as isolated or scattered dark spots that appear in the most sensitive areas of the skin (face, neck, chest, back of hands, etc.). The formation of spots is related to dysfunction in melanogenesis, the skin pigmentation process, and the overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for our skin color. Melanocytes are cells found in the basal layer of the epidermis and are responsible for the overall health of our skin, particularly because they protect it from the sun’s rays. These cells are very delicate and sensitive to variations. When this process is altered, melanin is produced in excess and is anarchically distributed on the skin’s surface, thus resulting in dark spots.

Sun exposure is the main culprit behind melanin overproduction and, therefore, the appearance of dark spots. However, pollution, hormonal imbalance, skin rashes, or simply the aging of cells that no longer fulfill their role over time are all factors that can lead to the formation of dark spots.

Can we get rid of dark spots ?

Dark spots usually appear on the face but also on the neck, chest area, or hands, where the skin is the thinnest and most delicate. The first step to limit the appearance of dark spots is to protect the skin from the sun by applying sunscreen with SPF50.

When spots are already there, they can be reduced with an appropriate skincare routine and the choice of a targeted spot-minimizing corrector. The Brightening Dark Spot Serum is a targeted and supercharged brightness-revealing treatment. This brightening treatment from the ILLUMINE range treats visible spots and hyperpigmentation in a targeted way while also acting directly on the process of spot formation and melanin transfer. Thanks to its highly concentrated formula, it ranks as the expert treatment of the ILLUMINE range for reducing and fading dark spots. The Brightening Dark Spot Serum is applied directed to the targeted area, before your day cream, for at least 2 months, which correspond to 2 skin renewal cycles.

Hyperpigmentation: How to Even Out the Complexion ?

Hyperpigmentation refers to blemishes showing up as spots that appear darker than other areas on the skin, thus dulling the complexion. Even if dark spots can appear at any age and regardless of your skin type, they are not inevitable. IOMA experts recommend the following skincare routine to fight spots and restore an even and radiant complexion:

Cleanse the skin with the Radiance Exfoliating Cleanser, which removes dead cells and impurities that dull the complexion while stimulating cell turnover.

Complete the cleansing process with the Brightening Water Essence to hydrate the skin and prepare it for the following products.

Treat dark spots topically with the Brightening Dark Spot Serum before applying Bright Pearl Essence, the Brightening Moisturizing Serum, which evens out the complexion and boosts skin renewal.

Finally, apply your day cream and/or the Cell Protector SPF50+ sun protection to shield the skin from UV rays and limit the formation of dark spots.


Dark spots, these hyperpigmented skin areas, are benign blemishes caused by sun exposure, skin rashes, hormonal imbalance, or aging. These imbalances affect the skin pigmentation process and the mechanisms of melanin transfer in the epidermis. With the appearance of pigmentation spots, the complexion looks uneven, and the skin lacks radiance. To reduce, minimize, and prevent dark spots, the ILLUMINE range by IOMA offers expert products, such as the Brightening Dark Spot Serum, a targeted and highly concentrated treatment that reveals a more even complexion and brighter, visibly younger-looking skin.

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